Regular Exercise Benefits Those with Chronic Kidney Disease
Dr. Steven J. Kamper from the University of Sydney, Australia, and colleagues have reported that regular exercise and workout are beneficial for those with chronic kidney disease. Their study analyzed 32 other studies with participants subjected to exercise and workout as a form of intervention for 8 weeks. Only 23 studies had adults with chronic kidney disease. The rest of the studies were control studies.
Common exercises included yoga, resistance only exercise, mixed aerobic and resistance exercise, and aerobic. Workout and exercises in most of the trials were intense. Exercise and workout were done 3 to 5 times a week for 30 to 60 minutes per session. This program was carried out between the duration of 2 to 18 months. 58% of the trials were supervised.
In comparison to the control study, those patients who exercised had significant improvement in their resting heart rate, maximum heart rate, resting systolic blood pressure, and resting diastolic blood pressure. Their energy intake, pre-albumin, and albumin levels also experienced significant gain. Higher frequency and longer duration of the exercises showed significant improvements in cardiovascular health, physical functioning, and physical fitness.
Dr. Paul E. Segal, Medical Director of the Whitesquare Davita Dialysis Unit at Johns Hopkins in Baltimore, MD, commented confidently that the result of this study is valid despite the different limitations and samples of all the other studies analyzed. Dr. Segal, uninvolved in this study, added that there is no doubt that physical activities greatly benefit chronic kidney disease patients. He explained further that exercise and physical activity will only bring more benefit instead of harm as there is not one study, but multiples, that suggest otherwise. He added that physical activity is good for patients even if they have an advanced-stage disease, are on dialysis, or had a transplant. Dr. Segal pointed out that even a small amount or short duration of physical activity leads to significant gains. Dr. Segal proposed that patients should be monitored with as many follow-ups as possible and a specific management plan must be tailored for them.